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HPV Vaccine

HPV

What is HPV?

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) can cause cancer and genital warts and is passed from one person to another during sexual contact. HPV can cause cancer of the cervix, vulva and vagina in women; and cancer of the penis in men. In both men and women, HPV can cause anal cancer and mouth/throat cancer. In the United States each year, there are about 17,500 women and 9,300 men affected by HPV-related cancers.

Are diseases caused by HPV preventable?

HPV vaccines can prevent infections caused by the major strains of HPV that cause cancer later in life.

In this video, a family physician explains his decision, as a doctor and a parent,

to make sure each of his children received HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12.

HPV vaccine is cancer prevention. Ask about it for your child.

Who should be vaccinated?
HPV vaccine series is recommended for boys and girls at age 11-12. It is also recommended for females ages 13-26 and males ages 13-21 who have not yet been vaccinated. The vaccine can be given as early as age 9. Men with a weakened immune system and men who have sex with men are recommended to receive the vaccine up to age 26.

 

   

Why is HPV vaccine recommended

for females and males?
HPV vaccine is recommended for both males and females to reduce the spread of HPV viruses by sexual contact.


Why does my 11-12 year old

need an HPV vaccine now?
HPV vaccines offer the best protection to girls and boys who receive the full series of two doses of the vaccine before they begin sexual activity. In addition, the protection gained from this vaccine is better in pre-teens than it is for older children, so getting the vaccine now could mean better protection for your child.


How are the HPV vaccines given?
All kids who are 11 or 12 years old should get two shots of HPV vaccine six to twelve months apart. Adolescents who receive their two shots less than five months apart will require a third dose of HPV vaccine.

If your teen hasn't gotten the vaccine yet, talk to their doctor or nurse about getting it for them as soon as possible. If your child is older than 14 years, three shots will need to be given over 6 months. Also, three doses are still recommended for people with certain immunocompromising conditions aged 9 through 26 years.

 

HPV Vaccine

   

What should be expected after vaccination?
The most common side effects reported are mild and most resolve spontaneously. They included pain where the shot was given (usually in the arm), fever, dizziness, and nausea.


   
Three Things  

 

     

Should I still get vaccinated if I may have already been exposed to HPV?
The vaccine protects against several HPV types, so it is still beneficial to receive the vaccine. HPV vaccine cannot protect against HPV that has already been acquired or treat existing HPV infections.

How effective is the HPV vaccine?
HPV vaccines are very effective in preventing the targeted HPV types found in the vaccine. However, the vaccine is less effective in preventing HPV-related disease in young women who have already been exposed to one or more HPV types. HPV vaccine does not prevent all types of cervical cancer, so it is still important for women to continue getting screened for cervical cancer with regular Pap and HPV tests.

 

   

How long does the HPV vaccination last?
Current HPV vaccine research shows the protection to be long lasting. It is only recommended to complete one vaccine series.


Where can I or my child get the HPV vaccine?
Check with your health care provider about getting a vaccine for yourself or your child.


The Onondaga County Immunization Clinic can provide the vaccine to your child under 19 years of age if you do not have private health insurance. For more information on the clinic, click here.


If you are 19-26 years old and looking to start or complete the HPV vaccine series, and you do not have a health care provider, Family Planning Service may be able to help. For more information on Family Planning Service, click here.

         
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